Yemen

Country Facts

  • Population: 30 Million
  • Life Expectancy: 66 Years
  • Literacy Rate: 70%
  • Average Annual Income (GNI): $2,213 USD

Country Overview

Yemen is located at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East. It is the second-largest Arab state on the peninsula. 

Northern Yemen gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1918 and in 1962 became the Yemen Arab Republic.  In 1967 the British withdrew from the south and in 1970 the southern government adopted Marxism and changed their name to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. This caused people to flee from the south of Yemen to the north and contributed to almost two decades of fighting. In 1990, north and south Yemen unified as the Republic of Yemen.

In 2011, a wave of protests known as the Arab Spring spread across the Arab world.  Yemen became one of the first countries to experience these protests due to its high unemployment, poor economic conditions, water shortages and corruption resulting in the President’s removal in 2012.  

Currently, Yemen is in the middle of a civil war.  In 2015, former President Salih backed by (Ansar Allah) Houthis rebels violently took over Yemen’s capital city of Sana’a forcing President Hadi to flee to Saudi Arabia.  In support of President Hadi, Saudi Arabia began airstrikes as well as ground fighting in Yemen.  Another conflict pits the Hadi government against the Southern Transitional Council (STC), a group from southern Yemen.  Both are ongoing.  The U.N.’s attempts to negotiate peace agreements have not been successful.

Humanitarian

WCF sponsors the cost of Hygiene and Food Care Kits for the most vulnerable communities in Yemen.  We are planning to serve as many as 200 families or approximately 1,200 persons throughout the country.

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Due to the country's civil war, there is now widespread hunger, disease, lack of medical care and basic infrastructure and attacks on civilians.  The UN declared Yemen to be the world's worst humanitarian crisis in the world.

Almost 80 percent of the population — 24.1 million people — required humanitarian assistance, with half on the brink of starvation.  Airstrikes have injured and killed tens of thousands of Yemeni civilians, a quarter of which were women and children.  Yemen’s already collapsing healthcare system is crumbling as COVID-19 exacerbates existing humanitarian problems. Across the country, people suffer from a lack of basic services, a spiraling economic crisis, abusive local security forces, and broken down governance, education, health and judicial systems.

Since March 2015, 3.65 million have been internally displaced (IDP)—80 percent for over a year.

As of December 2019, cholera affected 96 percent of the people in Yemen.  Now, there are closures and hospitals refusing to take in COVID-19 patients because of inadequate protection for staff and/or lack of treatment capacity.